Turkey

A little information about the country that one intends to visit or that one has visited often allows us to put into context the past or future emotions specific to each trip. A little history or anecdotes are often welcome ... This is what you can find on this page dedicated to Turkey. But nothing like (short) videos to get a more precise idea of the places visited or to visit. Beside is a list of the videos edited from the photographic material I brought back from the trips

Turkey • Cappadocia 2014

Turkey • Istanbul 2015 .

You just have to click on the image to access the page giving more information on the place treated in the video and of course, to see this video ...


Turkey

Turkey is a large country that spans two continents. If the European part represents only 3% of the total area, it represents on the other hand 10% of the population, a little more than 10,000,000 people. The European part is called Eastern Thrace while the Asian part is known as Anatolia.

Turkey has always been at the crossroads of great civilizations and was a very important stopover on the Silk Road.

antiquity

Anatolia, the Asian part of Turkey is one of the regions of the world that have been continuously inhabited since the beginnings of human history. Traces of ancient civilization dating back to 7000 BC dot the region, and in particular the surroundings of Konya.

The oldest kingdom in the territory is certainly that of the Hittites who ruled Anatolia from the 18th to the 13th centuries BC. A series of dynasties succeeded them before the Greek and Persian invasions around 1200 BC. The death of Alexander the Great divided his conquests in the region into a multitude of Hellenistic kingdoms that were to be incorporated into the Roman Empire. In 314 AD, the Roman Emperor Constantine I chose Byzantium as the new capital of the empire and renamed it Constantinople. Nowadays, this city is called Istanbul. At that time, we didn't talk about Turkey.

Turkish

The Turks were a nomadic people originating from the plains stretching from Mongolia to Central Asia. These peoples emigrated to the west of the Asian continent. They were organized in tribes and ended up constituting kingdoms, like that of the Göktürk (celestial Turks) which lasted more or less long. But it was in the 10th century that we began to speak of Turks, then mercenaries of the Abbasid caliphate. In fact, they had controlled this caliphate for a long time. Other Turks were the Seljuks who founded an empire stretching from the plains of Central Asia to Anatolia. Their dynasty was undermined by the Mongol invasions of Genghis Khan.

The Ottoman empire

The conquest of the Byzantine city of Mocadene by Sultan Osman I in 1299 marked the beginning of the Ottoman Empire which would continue to extend until 1923, when the Turkish Republic founded by Kemal Attaturk succeeding the empire Ottoman defeated in the First World War.

The height of the Ottoman Empire is during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th century.

The Ottoman conquests extended the empire to the annexed Balkans at the end of the 14th century and Sultan Mehmet II seized Constantinople in 1453, thus signing the end of the Byzantine empire.

The decline of the Ottoman Empire began in the 17th century and the territories would gradually regain their independence until the beginning of the 20th century. Among these conquered territories are Egypt, Algeria and Greece.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Young Turks (Union and Progress Party) took power and joined forces with German forces during the First World War. It is also the Young Turks who made themselves sadly famous by the organization of the Armenian genocides from 1915. The Young Turks will be removed from power at the end of 1918, shortly before the signing of the Moudros treaty endorsing the military defeat of the Ottoman Empire and its dismemberment.

the independance War

Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, it was dismembered and the Treaty of Sèvres attributes Eastern Thrace to Greece, the Arab territories to France and Great Britain and provides for an autonomous Kurdistan and an independent Armenia.

A war of independence, aimed at recovering territories lost following the Treaty of Sèvres was waged by Mustafa Kemal Attaturk from 1920 to 1923.

Sultan Mehmed 6 was deposed in November 1922 and a year later the Republic of Turkey, modern Turkey, was established with Ankara as its capital.

Video gallery • Turkey

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** Turkey **

Globe
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Anemurium EN

Turkey
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Cappadocia, Turkey

Turkey
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Gumusler En

Turkey
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Istanbul Hagia Irene En

Turkey
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Istanbul Hagia Sophia en

Turkey
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Istanbul some places

Turkey
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Istanbul, blue mosque - trip

Turkey
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Istanbul, Cistern Basilica

Turkey
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Istanbul, Topkapi en

Turkey
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Konya EN

Turkey
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Perge EN

Turkey
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Sultanhani EN

Turkey

 

Vimeo showcase • Turkey