Sikkim • northeastern state of India

Experience the captivating diversity of India with a curated collection of regional videos. Immerse yourself in the Sikkim, the northeastern jewel of India, through videos crafted from photographs taken on our extraordinary journey through Buddhist India, including Sikkim, Bihar, and West Bengal. A spiritual exploration that promises to uplift. For a comprehensive journey, a simple click on the globe unveils our complete collection on India.

Sikkim, India • Rumtek Dharma Chakra Center in Gangtok ( India, Sikkim )

Sikkim, India • Rumtek Dharma Chakra Center in Gangtok

Sikkim, India • prayer flags near the Sangacholing Monastery ( India, Sikkim )

Sikkim, India • prayer flags near the Sangacholing Monastery

Sikkim, India • entrance to Sangchen Pemayangtse Monastery ( India, Sikkim )

Sikkim, India • entrance to Sangchen Pemayangtse Monastery

Nestled among the majestic peaks of the Eastern Himalayas, Sikkim is a testament to India's diversity in geography, culture, and history. This small but vibrant state offers a unique glimpse into a rich historical tapestry, an economy that blends tradition with modernity, and a society marked by a rich ethnic mosaic and religious harmony.

 

History

Before Independence

 

Sikkim's history is shaped by the rule of the Namgyal dynasty, established in the 17th century by Phuntsog Namgyal, who was recognized as the first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim. The Namgyal dynasty played a pivotal role in fostering Tibetan Buddhism in the region and defending Sikkim against various invasions. Despite pressures from neighboring kingdoms and later, British colonial interests, Sikkim retained a degree of autonomy, navigating through historical upheavals with its cultural identity intact.

 

After Independence

 

The era following India's independence in 1947 was transformative for Sikkim. Initially recognized as a protectorate state, Sikkim saw a significant political shift in 1975 when a referendum led to its merger with India, becoming the 22nd state of the Indian Union. This transition marked the end of the monarchy and integrated Sikkim into the democratic framework of India, opening new avenues for development while preserving its unique cultural heritage.

 

Geography

Occupying an area of just 7,096 km², Sikkim is India's least populous and second smallest state. Its geography is dominated by the dramatic contours of the Himalayas, including the majestic Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world. This rugged terrain, interspersed with pristine lakes and rich biodiversity, makes Sikkim an ecological hotspot and a haven for trekkers and nature enthusiasts.

 

Economy

Sikkim's economy is a blend of agriculture, tourism, and hydroelectric power. Organic farming has flourished, making Sikkim India's first fully organic state, a testament to its commitment to sustainable development. The tourism sector, buoyed by Sikkim's natural beauty and cultural wealth, plays a vital role in the state's economy, drawing visitors from around the globe.

Video gallery • India, Sikkim

Population

With a population of around 610,000 Sikkim is a mosaic of ethnic groups, including the Bhutias, Lepchas, and Nepalis, each contributing to the state's cultural diversity. This diversity is reflected in a variety of languages, traditions, and festivals that celebrate the rich tapestry of Sikkimese society.

 

Religion

Buddhism and Hinduism coexist peacefully in Sikkim, with the state being home to numerous monasteries and temples. The spiritual landscape of Sikkim is dotted with sacred sites, such as the Rumtek Monastery and the ancient Pemayangtse Monastery, making it a key destination for spiritual tourism.

 

Cultural and Tourist Attractions

From the serene Gurudongmar Lake to the verdant valleys of Yumthang, Sikkim's natural wonders are complemented by cultural landmarks like the Rumtek Monastery and the vibrant capital city, Gangtok. The state's rich cultural calendar, highlighted by festivals such as Losar (Tibetan New Year) and Saga Dawa, offers insights into the spiritual and communal life of its people.

 

In conclusion, Sikkim stands as a beacon of India's diversity, offering a blend of natural beauty, historical depth, economic innovation, and cultural richness. It continues to enchant visitors with its serene landscapes and spiritual tranquility, embodying the essence of the Himalayan spirit.

Sikkim, India