A little information about the country that one intends to visit or that one has visited often allows us to put into context the past or future emotions specific to each trip. A little history or anecdotes are often welcome ... This is what you can find on this page dedicated to Mauritius. But nothing like (short) videos to get a more precise idea of the places visited or to visit. Beside is a list of the videos edited from the photographic material I brought back from the trip Mauritius • Cavadee 2020 / Reunion (EN).
You just have to click on the image to access the page giving more information on the place treated in the video and of course, to see this video ...
Mauritius is a small island in the Indian Ocean, part of the Mascarenes (with Réunion and Rodrigues).
Short history of Mauritius.
The Island was first discovered by Arab sailors towards the end of the 10th century. They named her Dina Arobi but did not establish a colony there.
It was not until 1598 that the Dutch seized it. The Island was on the road to India, which could be of great help. The Dutch abandoned the island in 1710 and the French took over in 1715. They made it the Ile de France.
France ceded the island to the British in 1814 by the Treaty of Paris under which France recovered the island of Reunion.
Maurice has been independent since 1968.
The population of the Island is quite typical of the colonies settling in uninhabited islands of the time. French (white) settled and brought in Africans (blacks) in a state of slavery. The output of slaves being relatively low and movements for abolition beginning to exist, the whites of Mauritius called on Indian workers (with the status of free men but whose condition was very similar to that of slaves. ..) for working the fields, mainly sugar cane.
Currently the majority of the population is of Indian origin, followed by the Creoles (descendants of slaves) and Chinese who settled on the island and who developed trade. The whites on the island are the least numerous.
Unlike its sister island, Reunion Island, there is no active volcano in Mauritius. The island is famous for its beaches and tropical climate. The hotel industry has developed in an anarchic fashion and hotels occupy most of the beaches all around the island, leaving little room for locals to indulge in one of their favorite activities, picnics on the beach. .
Mauritians of Indian origin make up about 70% of the population. From a religious point of view, the Indo-Mauritian population is 65% Hindu and 30% Muslim. The rest are Catholic, as are the Creole population and much of the population of Chinese descent.
The population of Rodrigue Island, which belongs to Mauritius, is predominantly Creole.