Varanasi or Benares the holy city on the Ganges. Funeral rituals by water and fire. The city and the night ceremonies.

About the 2 places in this film

 

Sarnath, a small town near Varanasi, was the place where the Buddha delivered his first sermon. Sarnath has therefore become one of the four holy places of Buddhism in India.

Bénarès which was renamed Varanasi is reputed to be the oldest city in the world still inhabited.

It is also the most sacred of the 7 sacred cities of Hinduism and Jainism (Sapta Pur).

These 7 cities are Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh), Haridwar (Uttarakhand), Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu), Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) and Dwarka (Gujarat).

Varanasi is located on the banks of the Ganges, the sacred river par excellence of India. The city has about 1,300,000 inhabitants.

As Varanasi is THE sacred city located on THE sacred river, the Hindus are keen to be cremated in this city because it brings them closer to the gods and Nirvana. The cremations on the Ghats of Varanasi take place every day from sunrise to sunset.

 

Music: 

 - Kalyani Roy (Inde)  - The Virtuoso of Sitar Vol 2 - Bhaitali (Boatsong of Bengal), Denon (ZX-7019-ND)

 - Lakshmi Shankar (Inde)  - Inde du Nord (North India) - Season and Time - Bhajan de Surdas, Ocora

 (Inde)  - Rajasthan vol 1. Musiciens professionnels populaires. - Chant de Mariage avec Accompagnement de Vièle, Ocora (OCR 81)

 (Inde)  - Inédit 2 - Kawwali Chant Soufi - Man Kountou Mawala Ali Mawla, Inédit (MCM 002)

 - Sivakumar Sarma (Inde)  - Inde du Nord - Santur - Pahadi Dhun, Ocora (OCR 77)

 (Inde)  - Vodal Music (Bhajana- Tappa) / String Instruments (Vina - Sarangi) / Drums (Pakhavaj - Tabla) - Pakhavaj, Chautala, Bärenteiter - Musicaphon (BM 30 SL 2052)

 (Various countries)  - Music in the World of Islam, 4: Flutes & Trumpets - Podina, Tangent Records (TGS 134)

 - Ram Narayan; Suresh Talwalkar (Inde)  - Master of the Sarangi (Classical Music of India) - Rag: Kafi Malhar, Nonesuch (H-75062)

 - Lakshmi Shankar (Inde)  - Inde du Nord (North India) - Season and Time - Raga Khafi, Ocora

 - M.S. Gopalakrishnan (Inde)  - Le Violon de M.S. Gopalakrishnan - Sobillu: Raga Jaganmohini: Tala Rupaka, 6 mesures 2-4, Disques Esperance (ESP 155 548)

 (Inde)  - Inédit 2 - Kawwali Chant Soufi - Tchaapa Tilak Sab Tchinaré, Inédit (MCM 002)

Varanasi & Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh, India