The dots on the timeline bar below the video above indicate the beginning of the chapter.  List of the chapters: 

00:31 • The banks of the Ganges

03:23 • Buddha Smriti Park

04:11 • Golghar, historic granary

05:02 • Gurudwara Patna Sahib or Har Mandir



Patna, located on the banks of the Ganges is the 18th largest city in India in terms of the number of inhabitants. The Ganges is the holiest river in Hinduism, and Patna is a holy city for Sikhism, since the 10th guru, Gobind Singh was born here. In addition, the city is close to places of pilgrimage of the Buddhist, Hindu and Jain religions, the cities of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya and Pawapuri.

Patna, formerly known as Pataliputra pis Azimabad, is one of the oldest permanently inhabited cities in the world. It was founded in 490 BC and was the capital of the Magadh Empire and an important place of learning and fine arts.

Patna declined with the end of the Gupta Empire around the 6th century CE.

The British restored it to some of its former glory by making it a center of international trade. It experienced a further decline after independence when Jarkhand was separated from Bihar and is busy going up the slope and experiencing one of the most important growths in India.

Patna and Sihkism

Patna is a holy city in Sikkhism for two reasons. The 1st Guru, Guru Nanak spent a small part of his life there and the 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh was born there. The Patna Gurdwara is one of the most important in the Sikh world.

Gurdwara Patna Sahib

Gurdwara Patna Sahib (or Har Mandir) and actually a Takht, a main seat of Sikh authority or a major temple. The Takht are 5 in number: the most important is the Golden Temple of Amritsar. Then come that of Anandpur Sahib, Talwandi Sabo, Patna and that of Nanded. All of these Takhts were founded by the last guru, Gobind Singh.

The Patna Sahib gurdwara is magnificent and relatively recent since the works were completed in 1957. The original gurdwara was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1934.

Buddha smriti park

Buddha Smriti Park, or Buddha Memorial Park is an urban park developed to commemorate the Buddha's 2554th birthday and was inaugurated in 2010 by the Dalai Lama. Several bodhi trees (pagoda ficus, trees under which Buddha used to meditate) have been planted in this park, one from Bodhgaya, where Buddha experienced enlightenment. The other is from Sri Lanka. Legend has it that a branch of the Bodhgaya tree was taken there by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka.

A large modern stupa, housing an urn containing Buddha's ashes, is built in the middle of the park.


Another iconic place in the city of Patna is Golghar. It is a huge grain silo built in 1784 by the British to prevent recurrent famines in the state of Bihar. This first silo was to be followed by several others. But alas, he is the only one to have emerged from the earth.

This monument was recently restored.



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** India **


-- Bihar --


Bodhgaya - Autres temples


Bodhgaya - Mahabodi


India - Villages and schools (3)


about the place, Patna:

Patna is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar. 

Very old town, Patna has historically been of capital importance. As early as the 3rd century BC, Patna already had nearly 400,000 inhabitants. It was a cultural center of prime importance and many intellectuals including many astronomers had settled there. 

The city currently has more than 2.5 million inhabitants.


Spoken comments in the film: 

On the banks of the Ganges, in the North of India, in the state of Bihar, extends one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities of the world since it was founded in 490 before our era by the king of Magadha.

Less ancient and less known than Varanasi (Benares) Patna is the 18th most important city in India by its population. It has nearly 2 million inhabitants.

Patna is also one of the holy places of Sikkhism because it saw the birth of the 10th and last Guru Gobind Singh on December 22, 1666.

Patna is the capital of the state of Bihar, one of the poorest in the Indian confederation.

The Golghar in Patna is an granary 29 meters high built at the end of the 18th century to store grain to alleviate the perpetual famines that the region was experiencing.

It was to be the first in a long series but unfortunately in the end it was the only one to see the light of day.

It was the subject of a restoration plan at the beginning of the 21st century

The Patna gurudwara is one of the 5 Takht (seat of Sikh authority) and therefore one of the 5 most important temples of Sikhism.

The founding guru (Guru Nanak) is said to have spent 3 months in the city of Patna and the last guru (Guru Gobind Singh) was born there in 1666.

Patna, Bihar India

Patna, Bihar, India