Kuthodaw Pagoda (whose official name is Mahalawka Marazein Kuthadow) is located in Mandalay. This pagoda is actually a huge book. King Mindon of the Konbaung dynasty who had it built in the 19th century wanted to immortalize the Buddhist canon (Tipitaka) by having it fully engraved on 729 white marble stelae, each housed in an inscription cave protected by a stupa.


translation of comments in the film: minute 00:56 : This pagoda with its 729 white stupas each housing an engraved marble stele is in fact a large book. The biggest book in the world.

King Mindon had this building constructed in 1859 in preparation for the 5th Buddhist Council which took place in 1871. The king had the entire Buddhist canon (Tipikata) engraved on these stelae and the council validated the inscriptions.

Each of the 729 "inscription caves" sheltered by the white stupas contains a chapter from the Buddhist canon.

The beginning of the British occupation was synonymous with destruction and degradation of the places that were used for a time as barracks for the soldiers.

A restoration of the premises was ordered in 1892.

The golden stupa in the center was built on the model of Shwezigon Pagoda.


about the place, Mandalay:

Located on the banks of the Irrawaddy River, Mandalay is Myanmar's second city after Yangon (Rangoon). Founded in 1857 by King Mindon, Mandalay became the capital of the Konbaung dynasty in place of Amarapura.

It was also the last royal capital of Burma before annexation by the British in 1885. However, it remained a leading commercial and cultural center during the British era.

The city was devastated during the conquest of Burma by Japan in World War II and it became part of the newly independent Union of Burma in 1948.


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Mandalay, Myanmar