The dots on the timeline bar below the video above indicate the beginning of the chapter.  List of the chapters: 

01:16 • Bishkek

01:24 • the statue of Manas

02:19 • the changing of the guard

04:55 • the Burana Tower

06:26 • the petroglyphs of Cholpon-Ata

07:39 • Jeti-Ögüz, resort and sanatorium

09:26 • Karakol, thre market

10:32 • Karakol, the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity

12:06 • Karakol, the Dungan mosque

13:19 • eagle hunting demonstration

 

If there is a country in the world with a complicated spelling, it is that of the Kirghiz. The inhabitants are the Kyrgyz (or is it Kirghyz?) and the suffix "stan" means country in this region of the world, Central Asia. So Kyrgyzstan (or Kyrgyzstan, or Kyrghiztan or Kyrgyzstan) is the country of the Kyrgyz, just as Afghanistan is that of the Afghans or Uzbekistan that of the Uzbek ... The official name is the "Kyrgyz Republic".

History of Kyrgyzstan

The country has been inhabited since very ancient times. According to some historians, the first settlers in the region were the Scythians, a former nomadic people of Eurasia who have dominated the steppes of Central Asia since at least the 8th century BC.

With the expansion of neighboring Mongolia in the 12th century, the Kyrgyz migrated south before peacefully entering the Mongol Empire in 1207.

Their territory was located on the Silk Road, and Lake Issyk-Kul was an important stopover on this long road.

The population still experienced various invaders over the centuries, including the Manchu (Chinese) Qing dynasty. The region was the subject of a treaty between Russia and China at the end of the 19th century, according to which Kyrgyzstan was ceded to the empire of the tsar in 1876. This annexation was not to everyone's taste. , and a large part of the inhabitants chose to emigrate to Afghanistan or to settle in the Pamir mountains.

With the coming to power of the Soviets in Russia, an autonomous region was created in the region before it was incorporated into the USSR as the Constituent Republic of the Soviet Union in 1936.

The fall of the USSR led to the independence of Kyrgyzstan in 1991. Independence was not synonymous with individual freedoms and the authoritarian and nepotistic drifts of the country's rulers alternated with periods of social and political unrest in the country. the country.

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan remains strongly marked by the Russian and Soviet period. The architecture of the cities constantly recalls the influence of Russia. Whether it is that of the tsars with the wooden buildings of Karakol or that of the Soviets with the official monuments of Bischkek.

But Kyrgyzstan is not just about the architecture of its cities. It is also and above all a country of mountains with well-preserved nature. One of the highest altitude lakes in the world is Lake Issyk-Kul.

 

Music:

 - Rysbek Jumabaev (Kirghizsistan)  - Music of Central Asia vol 1 : Tengir-Too -Mountain Music form Kyrgyzstan - Ak Satkyn menem Kulmyrza (Ak Satkyn and Kulmyrza)

 - Rysbek Jumabaev (Kirghizsistan)  - Music of Central Asia vol 1 : Tengir-Too -Mountain Music form Kyrgyzstan - Episode from the Manas: Kökötöidün Ashy (Kökötöy's Memorial Feast)

 - Rysbek Jumabaev (Kirghizsistan)  - Music of Central Asia vol 1 : Tengir-Too -Mountain Music form Kyrgyzstan - Esimde (I Remember)

 - Rysbek Jumabaev (Kirghizsistan)  - Music of Central Asia vol 1 : Tengir-Too -Mountain Music form Kyrgyzstan - Fantasy on the Chhopo Choor (Ocarina)

 - Alihan Samedov (Ouzbekistan)  - Duduk - Track 1

About the 4 places in this film

 

Bishkek

is the capital and the most populous city of Kyrgyzstan with just over a million inhabitants. Its construction is quite recent since the fort of Pishpek was built in 1825.

Bishkek like many towns in the former Soviet republics still shows a lot of the Soviet era.

The Chuy Valley

is a large valley with a favorable climate and sufficient water resources. This is what makes it a fertile land and explains why the valley is one of the most populous regions in Kyrgyzstan.

 

Karakol

is the fourth largest city in Kyrgyzstan, located at the tip of Lake Issyk-Kul. Like Bishkek, its expansion is recent and linked to Russian military activity.

The city has about 65,000 inhabitants.

Karakol is famous for its wooden buildings, including a mosque and a cathedral.

 

Lake Issyk-Kul

is a large mountain lake. Its surface area places it in second position after Titicaca. It is also the seventh deepest lake in the world. It is a salt water lake, and in area it is the second after the Caspian Sea.

 

 

Spoken comments in the film: 

- Manas is an epic hero of the Kyrgyz people.

His epic is the subject of a monumental literary work, counting more than 500,000 verses, and is the longest in the world.

It tells the story of the independence struggle of the Kyrgyz nomads against the Mongols and then against the Chinese.

The soundtrack is one of the episodes of the epic Manas (Kökötöidün Ashy) performed by Rysbek Jumabaev.

- The Burana tower near the city of Tokmok is the vestige of a minaret which was much more imposing but which was decimated by a succession of earthquakes over the centuries.

This tower is part of an archaeological ensemble that brings together the remains of the city of Balasagun which was destroyed around the 14th century.

Bishkek, Chuy Valley, Issyk Kul lake, Karakol. Kyrgyzstan