Every 3 years one of the biggest religious festivals of Hinduism takes place.

Simhastha: Kumbh Mela at Ujjain

The Kumbh Mela is a great religious festival which takes place once every 3 years, alternately in 4 holy cities of India crossed by a sacred river.

 

- Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) on the Ganges

- Haridwar (Uttarakhand) on the Ganges

- Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) on the Shipra river

- Nashik (Maharashtra) on the Godavari river

 

The Kumbh Mela is based on the Hindu myth of the barrage of the sea of ​​milk. In very ancient times, the deva and the asura (the gods and the demons) made a provisional alliance so as to work together to develop the amrita, the nectar of immortality, from the Ksheera Sagara, the primordial sea of ​​milk, and then to share this amrita.

However when the kumbha, the jug containing the amrita appeared, the demons seized it and fled away, chased by the gods. For twelve divine days and twelve nights, the equivalent of twelve human years, the gods and demons fought in the sky for the possession of the jug of amrita. During the battle, drops of amrita fell in four places: Paryagraj (Allahabad), Hardiwar, Ujjain and Nashik, reason why these cities are sacred and the place of celebration of Kumbh Mela.

The ritual baths in the sacred river during the Kumbh Mela wash the participants of their faults.

The bathing of Sadhus in the river gives it properties multiplying the beneficial effects of the bath for the faithful.

This is why Sadhus are the first to bathe in the river.

The Naga Sadhus are saints in India and live as ascetics or hermits in the caves of the Himalayas. During the Kumbh Mela hundreds of naked Sadhus covered with ash leave their retirement to participate in the festivities.

 

about the place, Ujjain:

Ujjain is the fifth city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in terms of importance. It is the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom. The city began to decline with the English occupation which preferred Indore to him as regional capital.

The city has more than half a million inhabitants.

It is one of the sacred cities of India

 

Music: 

 (Inde)  - Vocal Music (Alap - Dhamar - Khyal - Thumri) - Dhamar: Raga Ahir Bhairava (Tala Dhamar), Bärenteiter - Musicaphon (BM 30 SL 2051)

 (Inde)  - Inédit 2 - Kawwali Chant Soufi - Man Kountou Mawala Ali Mawla, Inédit (MCM 002)

 (Various countries)  - Music in the World of Islam, 4: Flutes & Trumpets - Podina, Tangent Records (TGS 134)

 - Suryanarayana (Inde)  - Suryanarayana Playing the South Indian VIna - Raga Bhairavi (Adi Tala), Philips (6586 023)

 - Hariprasad Chaurasia (Inde)  - Le Flûte de Hariprasad Chaurasia - Raga Suddha Sarang, Disques Esperance (ESP 155 532)

 - Lakshmi Shankar (Inde)  - Les Heures et les Saisons - Surdas Bhajan: Raga Megh, Ocora (558615/16)

 - E.S. Sastry (Inde)  - Inde du Sud - COncert de Vina  - Vachaspathi Ragan - Adi Tala, Ocora (558503)

 (Inde)  - India I - Vedic Recitaion and Chant - White Yajur Veda - Hymn to Brahma, Bärenteiter - Musicaphon (BM 30 L 2006)

Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India