Some countries are so big and diverse, like India which is a sub-continent on its own, that selecting travel videos by region makes sense. Below is the list of videos concerning Rajasthan • state of northwest India. These videos are edited on the basis of photos taken during the trip India • Hola Mohalla 2018 • Punjab • Himachal Pradesh (EN). A click on the globe displays the list of all videos about India.


Rajasthan

Rajasthan (literally "the land of kings"), an Indian state located in the north-west of the country, covers a little over 10% of the total area of ​​India, making it the largest state in the confederation. .

Much of the state is covered by the Thar Desert (also known as the "Great Indian Desert").

Rajasthan derives its resources mainly from agriculture and animal husbandry. Wheat and barley plantations cover large tracts of land. Legumes, cotton and oilseeds are also grown there.

Rajasthan is also the largest producer of wool in the Indian confederation.

The state has about 70 million inhabitants.

Rajasthani artists are masters in the art of miniatures.

History of Rajasthan

The first civilizations in the territory of present-day Rajasthan date back almost 5000 years, to the time of the Indus Valley Civilization. Much older Stone Age tools have been found during excavations. The Vedic civilization succeeded that of the Indus Valley and the kingdom of Matsya, covering roughly the ancient state of Jaipur, was one of the most powerful at that time, around 1300 BC. .

Closer to home, the Gurjara dynasty ruled the region until around the 10th century AD. Their influence spread throughout most of North India during this time.

the Middle Ages

After being defeated by the Chauhan dynasty in 1191, the Muslims of Muhammad Ghori took power over a large part of Rajasthan today the following year.

At the beginning of the 13th century, Mewar in the south of present-day Rajasthan was the most powerful state in the region, ruled by the Hindu Rajput kings. The Rajputs resisted Muslim invasions, although a number of their kingdoms fell under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. By the end of the 14th century, the Rajputs had reclaimed much of Rajasthan.

Like everywhere at this time, the Mughals, under the leadership of Babur conquered Rajasthan. Only the Mewar region continued to resist, which resulted in major massacres of the civilian population in retaliation.

Several centuries of resistance to the Mughals, with victories and defeats characterized Rajasthan until the decade of the Mughal Empire due in large part to internal dissensions. Eventually the Marathas took over from the Mughals, as in much of India.

British colonization

Rajasthan fell into the fold of the British Empire in 1818. The political and economic situation of the Rajput kingdoms at that time was so degraded that the rulers of these states preferred to collaborate with the British invader. According to the agreements made between the Maharajahs and the empire, the British will control the external affairs of these kingdoms in exchange for a large internal autonomy.

Independence of India

The independence of India brought great changes, more for the local rulers than for the people. Indeed, the Maharajahs lost the autonomy which had been granted to them by the British for the benefit of the Indian confederation. Many sovereigns were thus forced to work or to transform their palaces into luxury hotels, since they had lost the right to levy taxes.