Punjab is an Indian state which was divided into two parts during the independence and the partition decided by the British in 1947. The western part belongs to Pakistan while that located in the East became a state of the Indian confederation.

The origin of the name is found in the Sanskrit expression "panca-nada" which means "Five Rivers". These 5 rivers flow into the Indus and are called respectively Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas.

The region was known to the ancient Greeks who called it Pentapotamia.

The Punjab which has the reputation of being one of the most fertile regions of the globe is the bread basket of India and also the cradle of the Sikh religion founded by Guru Nanak. Sikkhism is a tolerant montheist religion rejecting the idea of the superiority of one religion over all the others.

Video gallery • India, Punjab