The state of Bihar in northeastern India is the cradle of two of the greatest religions born in India: Buddhism and Jainism. 

Some of the most important cities of Buddhism are in Bihar, the first of which is Bodhgaya, where Buddha experienced enlightenment. A few tens of kilometers away, another city where Buddha lived and taught is Rajgir. 

Patna is a holy city of Sikhism, since the first guru, Guru Nanak lived there and the last, Gobind Singh was born there.


Delhi is niet alleen een grote stad in het noorden van India, waar het wemelt van het leven, maar het is niet alleen de hoofdstad van het land, maar ook een staat op zich. Om precies te zijn, de agglomeratie van Delhi (die de gemeenten New Delhi, Oost-Delhi, Noord-Delhi, Zuid-Delhi en Delhi Cantonment verenigt) bestaat uit een gebied dat de nationale hoofdstad van Delhi wordt genoemd en dat een eigen wetgevende vergadering heeft. Een agglomeratie van 25 miljoen inwoners heeft recht op een bijzonder statuut.


Goa, a small corner of Portugal on the west coast of central India, became an Indian state after the military intervention of India in 1961. After the British colonizer left the peninsula, Portugal which possessed Goa and its port reputed to be the best in India, refused to return these territories occupied for more than 450 years but the military victory of India left him no other choice but to leave the territory. Goa is the smallest state of the Indian confederation.

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is a state in northwestern India, at the foot of the Himalayas. The name of this state means "province of snow-capped mountains". Its capital, Shimla, was for fifty years the summer capital of the British Indian Empire thanks to its more bearable climate for Europeans accustomed to fog and a coolness, non-existent in Calcutta. Shimla was even the capital of British Burma during World War II, when Mandalay was occupied by the Japanese.


Kerala is a state located in the extreme southwest of India. The state is famous for the quality of its spices. Tea is also produced there. Kerala is also known for its dense network of backwaters rich in bio-diversity. 

Part of the inhabitants of Kerala are Christians, which explains the large number of churches that can be found there. These are not conversions following colonization by European powers, but the establishment of this religion in this part of India dates from the very beginnings of Christianity.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India whose capital is Bhopal. The meaning of its name is "central province". Madhya Pradesh is the state of the Indian Confederation with the most forests, although what remains today is only a small part of what Madhya Pradesh had in the 19th century. 

It is also in this state that we find the only baobabs of India (if we except the zoological garden of Mumbai), offered by the sultans of Egypt to the sovereigns of Mandu. One of the four holy cities hosting in turn the great festival of Kumbh Mela is in Madhya Pradesh, Ujjain.


Maharashtra is a state in central India. It is one of the most prosperous economically and it is estimated that over 30% of the wealth produced for India's export comes from Maharashtra. This state is also home to the country's largest city, Mumbai (Bombay). But Maharashtra is also important for its archaeological heritage, especially the impressive Buddhist and Hindu caves of Ellora and Ajanta. Another, more unusual place is Bibi qa Makbara near Aurangabad, a monument strongly inspired by the Taj Mahal built by the son of the sponsor of the famous Agra mausoleum.


Punjab is a state in North West India. It is the homeland of the Sikhs, with a painful history in particular during the independence of India which saw this state cut in two by the new Indo-Pakistani border. 

Punjab is a very fertile region, nicknamed the breadbasket of India. Strongly influenced by Sikkhism, it is in this state that the great annual festival of the Sikhs (the Hola Mohalla) takes place and it is also in this state that the Golden Temple is located in Amritsar, holy of holies for the sikhs.


Rajasthan is a vast semi-desert state in northwestern India. It is certainly the one that attracts the most tourists with mythical cities like Jaipur or Jodhpur. The name of the state means "the land of kings". Rich in history and remarkable architectural heritage, Rajasthan is partly covered by the Thar Desert. Before the massive arrival of motor vehicles, the best way to get around this arrid region was by dromedary. This animal still enjoys great respect, and in Pushkar, Rajasthan, the great camel market is held every year. On this occasion tens of thousands of camels converge on Pushkar.


Sikkim is a small state in northeastern India located at the foot of the Himalayas. Sikkim is a Buddhist state. Its geographical location makes it an ideal location for athletic treks, but not everyone is fit for a trek in the Himalayan foothills. Fortunately there are many other attractions in this mountainous state. Access remains relatively difficult because of the state of maintenance of the communication routes. But the authorities are working hard on it. 

Visiting Buddhist monasteries and admiring the mountains (on a clear day) are two activities that are enough to delight less athletic tourists.

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is a state in the south east of India. This coastal state has many, some of which are very old. Tamil Nadu holds several records in terms of temples ... The oldest temples which are still in operation, the largest temples in the world are located in this region of southern India. Contrary to what can be seen in the north, the temples here are painted, which involves significant maintenance work. South India is much wetter than the north, and the regular rains gradually degrade the colors of the hundreds of statues on each temple. In principle, a complete overhaul takes place every 10 years.

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. It is the most populous state in India. Uttar Pradesh has a very rich history and many powerful empires have succeeded there during antiquity and the Middle Ages. This prestigious history has left many architectural and cultural traces. Among the most interesting places, we can mention the sacred city of Varanasi (Benares, one of the oldest cities in the world), Sarnath where Buddha lived, Agra, where is the most famous mausoleum in the world, the Taj Mahal or even the ephemeral capital at Fathepur Sikri.

West Bengal

West Bengal is a state in northeastern India. West Bengal had a fate comparable to that of Punjab during independence in 1947. Old Bengal was split into two parts, one belonging to India and the other to present-day Bengla Desh (formerly East Pakistan). 

The capital of West Bengal is Calcutta (Kolkata) and the state presents great contrasts in terms of landscapes. The north of West Bengal borders on the foot of the Himalayas and there are magnificent Buddhist temples, as is the case in Darjeeling or Kalimpomg.