Shobak • Jordan: Krak Montreal - Crusader Fortress Through Time

Where the desert winds dance and dunes whisper tales of old, stands Krak Montreal in Shobak, a sentinel of history. Amidst the Jordanian expanse, this crusader fortress, crafted in the 12th century, tells tales of valiant conquests and poignant losses. Commissioned by Baldwin I, the King of Jerusalem, it once kept watch over trade routes that wove between Egypt and Syria, silently witnessing passing caravans and pilgrims journeying to Mecca.

Its venerable walls, privy to the aspirations of Reynald of Châtillon and the tenacity of Saladin, retain echoes of sieges and skirmishes. Yet beyond battles, Krak Montreal stands as a tribute to human resilience against the unforgiving desert canvas. Though later scarred by Ibrahim Pasha in the 19th century, it remains a beacon of history, casting light on past enigmas while beckoning contemplation. Within its shadows and stones, Shobak softly speaks tales from an age where knights and sultans shaped the fate of a land.

Shobak • Krak Montreal ( Jordan,  )

Shobak • Krak Montreal

Shobak • Krak Montreal ( Jordan,  )

Shobak • Krak Montreal

Shobak • Krak Montreal ( Jordan,  )

Shobak • Krak Montreal

Montreal Castle in Shobak: A Historical Account


The Castle’s Establishment

In the vast expanses of Jordan's rugged landscape stands Montreal Castle, also known as Shobak Castle. Constructed in 1115 AD by Baldwin I of Jerusalem during the Crusades, the fortress is strategically located on the ancient King's Highway. Its positioning allowed the Crusaders to control and monitor the crucial caravan routes between Syria and Arabia.


Notable Occupants and Sieges

As the centuries passed, Montreal Castle bore witness to various battles and sieges. One of its most infamous occupants was Reynald de Châtillon. He utilized the castle as a base to launch assaults on prosperous caravans, even considering an audacious raid on Mecca. These provocative actions set him on a collision course with the renowned Muslim leader Saladin. After a prolonged siege lasting nearly two years, Saladin captured the fortress in 1189.


Structural Highlights

The castle's architecture presents a magnificent testament to medieval military engineering. One can observe the thick defensive walls, designed to repel enemy assaults, and the network of tunnels, which ensured a supply of fresh water during sieges. An old chapel within the fortress hints at its Christian past, while Arabic inscriptions pay homage to the various Muslim rulers who held sway over the region.


Later History and Legacy

Post the era of the Crusaders and Saladin, Montreal Castle underwent periods of decline and resurgence. Various powers, including the Ayyubids and the Mamluks, stamped their mark on its storied stones. The castle's importance diminished with the decline of the Crusader states, but its legacy as a symbol of the enduring battle for supremacy in the region remains intact.


Anecdotal Tidbits

The castle's long and varied history is ripe with tales of bravery, betrayal, and intrigue. One story tells of a hidden treasure within its walls, left behind by the Crusaders and guarded by a phantom knight. While this story might be more myth than fact, it's but one of many that capture the imagination of visitors and historians alike.



Today, Montreal Castle stands not only as a testament to Jordan's rich history but also as a symbol of the cultural and historical melting pot that the Middle East represents. As the walls of the castle have weathered the sands of time, they silently narrate tales of knights, kings, battles, and the ever-evolving story of a region at the crossroads of history.

Architectural Features of Krak Montreal in Shobak, Jordan


Strategic Location

Situated on a solitary hill in southern Jordan, Krak Montreal, also known as Shobak Castle, boasts a strategic location. This elevated positioning offered a tactical edge, overseeing vital trade routes and delivering a robust defense point against potential invaders.


Defensive Walls

One of the castle's most striking features is its thick stone walls. Built to withstand assaults from enemy armies, these walls are reinforced with watchtowers and battlements, allowing defenders to monitor the surroundings and repel attackers.


Tunnel Network

Beneath the castle lies an intricate network of tunnels. These tunnels were crucial in providing water to the occupants during prolonged sieges, thanks to a deep well drilled through the rock to an underground source.


Religious Elements

Within its walls, the castle houses remnants of a chapel, bearing witness to its Christian past during the crusades. Additionally, Arabic inscriptions adorn various parts of the castle, reflecting the subsequent period of Muslim governance.


Auxiliary Structures

Beyond the primary defensive structures, the castle also contains living quarters, storerooms, and stables. These facilities were vital in supporting a large garrison and ensuring the castle's survival during periods of isolation.



Krak Montreal in Shobak stands as a sterling example of medieval military architecture, blending elements of strategic design, defense, spirituality, and daily life. Its preservation allows present and future generations to delve into a bygone era and comprehend the castle's significance in the region's intricate history.

Monument profile
Krak Montreal
Monument category: Fort
Monument family: Fort, Fortifications or Citadel
Monument genre: Military
Cultural heritage: Christian
Geographic location: Shobak • Jordan
Construction period: 12th century AD

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Shobak, Krak Montreal crusader fortress • Jordan