Uttar Pradesh • northern state of India

Some countries are so big and diverse, like India which is a sub-continent on its own, that selecting travel videos by region makes sense. Below is the list of videos concerning Uttar Pradesh • northern state of India. These videos are edited on the basis of photos taken during the trip India • Rajasthan and Varanasi (EN). A click on the globe displays the list of all videos about India.

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India whose name means "Northern Province". It is a state of the Indian confederation with a population of around 200 million, making it both the most populous Indian state and the most populous administrative division in the world.

The state was created under British rule in 1937 and was called the Province of Agra and Oudh and was renamed in 1950.

Uttar Pradesh is the second most economically important state after Maharashtra. The main resources come from agriculture.

Mythical cities like Varanasi (Benares) and major architectural masterpieces are found in this state like the Taj Mahal in Agra, the fort of Agra or the ephemeral capital Fatehpur Sikri.

History of Uttar Pradesh

The first civilizations of which traces have been found in the territory of present-day Uttar Pradesh date back several thousand years. One of the oldest and most elaborate is arguably the Indus Valley Civilization, which spanned from 3000 to 1500 BCE.

Ancient India was made up of 13 great kingdoms including 7 in the territory of what is now Uttar Pradesh.

Great empires have succeeded each other in this territory. From the Maurya (from the 3rd century BC) to the Guptas in the 3rd century AD, control of the Ganges has played a key strategic role.

The arrival of the Huns marked the end of the great empires of that time with the fall of the Guptas. A period of uncertainty and insecurity began around this time, making it easier for the Muslim invaders who settled in founding the Delhi Sultanate around the beginning of the 13th century. This sultanate would last until 1526 and extend over a large part of the Indian peninsula.

Here again, it was the Mughal emperor Babur who imposed himself, as in a huge part of the subcontinent. Uttar Pradesh became the heart of the Mughal Empire.

The Mughals gave way to the British 3 centuries later.

British colonization

Settled in Bengal since the second half of the 18th century, the British conquered Uttar Pradesh in several successive battles. Several revolts against British control followed in the region, which led the crown to reorganize the administrative borders in order to weaken the rebel regions. Uttar Pradesh played a major role in the Indian independence movement which culminated in 1947 with independence from India.

The current state borders were established in 1950.

Video gallery • India, Uttar Pradesh