Punjab • state of northwest India

Discover the captivating diversity of India, a subcontinent in its own right, through a carefully curated selection of regional videos. Presenting our collection dedicated to Punjab, the jewel of North-West India. Captured during the vibrant Hola Mohalla journey in 2018, spanning Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, these videos bear witness to the region's cultural and natural richness. Explore our complete collection on India with just a click on the globe.

Punjab, India • The Golden Temple of Amritsar at night ( India, Punjab )

Punjab, India • The Golden Temple of Amritsar at night

Punjab, India • Chandigarh, at the Nek Chand rock garden ( India, Punjab )

Punjab, India • Chandigarh, at the Nek Chand rock garden

Punjab, India • group of Sikhs during Hola Mohalla at Anandpur Sahib ( India, Punjab )

Punjab, India • group of Sikhs during Hola Mohalla at Anandpur Sahib

Punjab, the land of five rivers in the northwestern part of India, is a region steeped in history, cultural diversity, and agricultural wealth. This narrative article explores Punjab's historical lineage, geographical significance, economic landscape, demographic diversity, religious harmony, and its cultural and tourist highlights.



Before Independence


The historical saga of Punjab is marked by the influence of various significant dynasties. The region was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world's oldest civilizations. It saw the reign of the Mauryas in the 3rd century BCE, who were instrumental in spreading Buddhism. The Gupta Empire followed, leading to a period of great cultural and economic prosperity. The medieval period saw the dominance of the Ghaznavids and the Ghurids, followed by the Mughals under whom Punjab reached significant architectural and cultural heights. The 15th century heralded the birth of Sikhism by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, profoundly shaping the region's cultural and spiritual landscape. The 18th century witnessed the rise of the Sikh Empire under Maharaja Ranjit Singh, known for his secular rule and military prowess.


After Independence


The partition of British India in 1947 led to the division of Punjab between India and Pakistan, causing massive demographic shifts and communal violence. Post-independence, Indian Punjab underwent reorganization in 1966, leading to the creation of the modern-day Punjab, Haryana, and Himachal Pradesh, significantly impacting its cultural and demographic composition. Since then, Punjab has made remarkable progress in various sectors, becoming India's agricultural powerhouse and contributing significantly to the country's grain supply.



Punjab, the smallest state in terms of geographical area in northwest India, is renowned for its fertile plains, owing to the perennial rivers flowing from the Himalayas. Its geographical location provides it with a strategic advantage, making it a crucial agricultural zone. The state experiences a transitional climate, ranging from semi-arid to sub-humid, facilitating diverse agricultural production.



Punjab's economy is primarily based on agriculture, famously known as the "Granary of India." It leads in the production of wheat, rice, and cotton. The Green Revolution of the 1960s transformed it into one of the most prosperous states in India. Besides agriculture, Punjab has a growing industrial sector, including textiles, scientific instruments, and sports goods, contributing significantly to its GDP.

Video gallery • India, Punjab


Punjab is home to a vibrant tapestry of cultures, primarily inhabited by Sikhs and Hindus, along with Muslims, Christians, and Jains, contributing to its rich cultural mosaic. With a population of about 27.7 million, it showcases a blend of urban and rural lifestyles, characterized by vibrant traditions and linguistic diversity.



Punjab is the spiritual homeland of Sikhism, with its sacred Golden Temple in Amritsar attracting pilgrims worldwide. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and Jainism are also practiced, reflecting the state's pluralistic and inclusive ethos.


Cultural and Tourist Attractions

Beyond its agricultural dominance, Punjab is famed for its historical monuments, religious sites, and cultural festivals. The Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh, and the forts of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in Amritsar; the vibrant Bhangra dance; and festivals like Vaisakhi and Lohri highlight Punjab's rich cultural heritage. The state's cuisine, known for its rich flavors, adds to its allure, drawing food enthusiasts from across the globe.


In conclusion, Punjab stands as a testament to India's diverse cultural, historical, and economic landscape, inviting exploration and appreciation from history enthusiasts, spiritual seekers, and cultural aficionados alike.