Some countries are so big and diverse, like India which is a sub-continent on its own, that selecting travel videos by region makes sense. Below is the list of videos concerning Kerala • state in southwest India. These videos are edited on the basis of photos taken during the trip India • South India 2018 • Tamil Nadu and Kerala (EN). A click on the globe displays the list of all videos about India.
Kerala, a state in southern India, is one of the smallest in size, but economically it occupies 10th place.
One of the main resources of the state is its diaspora which works mainly in the Gulf countries. Agriculture also remains one of Kerala's strong points, especially the cultivation of spices and the production of natural rubber. 95% of Indian pepper is produced in Kerala. Organic farming is relatively important and the farms are more family than industrial.
Fishing also represents a good part of the state's income.
If like everywhere in India the Hindu religion forms the majority, Kerala also knows important Muslim and Christian minorities. Overall there is little religious sectarianism in Kerala. It is also here that one counts the largest Christian population of India.
History of Kerala
The Greeks and Romans already traded with the inhabitants of Kerala as early as the 3rd century BC. The exchanges focused on coconut, areca nut and spices against rice, sugar, precious stones and cotton fabrics.
During the first Jewish diaspora, Jews settled in this part of southern India.
Later, around the 6th century, the first settlements of Orthodox Christians settled there and spread Christianity.
The Persians and Arabs replaced the Greeks and Romans in trade in the Middle Ages, when Kerala was divided into a multitude of small kingdoms. A regional identity is formed around the Malayalam language which differs from Tamil around the 14th century.
Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama, who died in Kochi, was dispatched by the Portuguese crown to break the Arab monopoly on the spice trade in 1498. He established the first Portuguese fortress there.
The rajahs of Calicut and Cochin were constantly at war, which aided the Portuguese in their establishment in the region, but displeased the Dutch crown who expelled the Portuguese from the region.
The English East India Company moved to Kerala at the beginning of the 17th century. The English East India Company, like its Dutch counterpart (VOC), were not mere commercial establishments. They had a powerful army and were in effect a state within a state. We can therefore reasonably consider that their installation was not done in peace and quiet ...
independence of India
After India's independence in 1947, the state boundaries put in place by the British occupier were revised by the Indian authorities, and the state of Kerala in its current form finally came into being in 1956.