Some countries are so big and diverse, like India which is a sub-continent on its own, that selecting travel videos by region makes sense. Below is the list of videos concerning Delhi • capital of India. These videos are edited on the basis of photos taken during the 3 trips:
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Delhi is best known for being a very polluted city. But besides being a city, Delhi is an administrative division in its own right (in fact it is one of the states of the confederation). The official denomination is "National Capital Territory of Delhi (NTC)". The state of Delhi has nearly 17 million inhabitants.
Delhi is the main commercial center of India and New Delhi is the capital of the Indian confederation.
The Delhi region has been inhabited since time immemorial dating back to the 2nd millennium BC. However, the oldest remains found date back to the 6th century BC.
The remains of 8 ancient cities were found on the current site of Delhi. One of them was founded by the Tomara dynasty in 736 AD under the name Lal Kot. Lal Kot was conquered in 1180 by the Chauhan dynasty and was renamed Qila Rai Pithora. A few years later, the first Muslim conquests launched by the Afghans, led by Muhammad Ghuri, marked the end of the Hindu dynasties in the region for 5 centuries.
After Ghuri's death in 1206, a Turkish general, Qutb ud-Din Aibak became the first sultan of Delhi. This sultanate reached its maximum expansion during the first half of the 14th century and covered much of present-day India. During the 14th century, the southern provinces emancipated one after the other, and Tamerlan sacked the city in 1398, slaughtering tens of thousands of people. Then the sultanate continued to decline and soon it was reduced to the city of Delhi and its suburbs. However, under the Lodi dynasty the sultanate would regain control of Punjab and the Ganges plain.
the Mughal empire
During the first half of the 16th century, Babur, Mongol emperor, descendant of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane founded the Mughal empire which would dominate Delhi for 3 centuries. The old city of Delhi with the Red Fort at its center was built by Emperor Shah Jahan under the name of Shahjahanabad. It is the same Shah Jahan who erected the Taj Mahal in Agra. It is also to Shah Jahan that we owe the famous Chandhi Chowk market and the great mosque of Delhi, Jama Mashid which is one of the largest in India.
the decline of the Mughal Empire
The Mughals go from defeat to defeat and were soon replaced by the Hindus of the Marathi Empire. Delhi experienced a series of rampages during the 18th century, first by the Marathas and then by the Persians and the Afghans.
And the Marathas succeeded the British at the beginning of the 19th century.
In 1911, the British built New Delhi and made it the capital of the Indian Empire to the detriment of Calcutta.
At independence in 1947, New Delhi was confirmed in its role as the capital of the Indian confederation.