Some countries are so big and diverse, like India which is a sub-continent on its own, that selecting travel videos by region makes sense. Below is the list of videos concerning Assam • state in northeastern India. These videos are edited on the basis of photos taken during the trip India • Surprising East India: Assam, Odisha, West Bengal. A click on the globe displays the list of all videos about India.
Human presence in Assam dates back thousands of years. The area has been populated by different tribes and communities over the centuries, and has experienced varying cultural and political influences.
During the pre-colonial era, Assam was ruled by several dynasties including the Kings of Kamarupa, Ahoms and Kochs. The Ahom dynasty ruled Assam for nearly six centuries, from 1228 to 1826, and left an important cultural legacy in the region. Before the Ahoms, the region was ruled by the Kampura, Mlechchha and Pala dyasties.
In the 19th century, Assam became a British province in India. British colonization brought significant changes to the region, including the development of the tea industry, the arrival of migrant workers from different parts of India, and a modernization of infrastructure.
After Indian independence in 1947, Assam became a full Indian state in 1950. Since then, the region has experienced several periods of turmoil, including separatist movements, ethnic conflicts and religious tensions. Assam's liberation movements demanded greater autonomy for the region and sought to protect the rights of indigenous peoples.
Since the 1990s, there has been significant progress in conflict resolution, with the establishment of various peace agreements. Today, Assam is a developing state seeking to strengthen its economy and improve the living conditions of its diverse population.
Assam is an important agricultural region in India, with almost 70% of the working population working in agriculture and agro-industry. Tea, rice, jute, cotton, sugar cane, and fruit and vegetable production are the main crops in the region. Assam is also known for its silk production, which is an important source of income for local farmers.
In addition to agriculture, manufacturing is also an important sector of Assam's economy, with a significant presence of the tea industry, petroleum, natural gas, and power generation.
Assam also has significant tourism potential, due to its natural and cultural wealth, which attracts a large number of visitors every year. Tourism is therefore a developing sector in the region.
However, despite these positive factors, Assam is one of the poorest regions in India, with a GDP below the national average. Unemployment and underemployment remain significant problems, especially among young people.
Some demographic data
According to the 2011 census, the population of Assam is about 31.2 million, which is about 2.58% of the total population of India. The state's population density is 397 people per square mile, which is lower than the national average.
The majority of Assam's population is made up of indigenous ethnic groups, known as 'Assamese'. The Assamese are predominantly Indo-Aryan in language and culture, although non-Indo-Aryan ethnic groups, such as the Bodos, Mishings and Karbis, also live in the region.
Due to its proximity to Bangladesh and sharing a common border, Assam also has a large population of illegal migrants from Bangladesh, who have been the source of inter-communal tensions in the region.
The majority religion in Assam is Hinduism, which is followed by about 61% of the state's population. Muslims make up about 34% of the population, while Christians, Buddhists and Sikhs constitute significant religious minorities.
The capital of Assam is Dispur. Located close to the city of Guwahati, Dispur is an administrative district of Guwahati and houses the offices of the government of the state of Assam. Previously, the city of Shillong in the neighboring state of Meghalaya was the capital of Assam. However, in 1972 when the North Eastern states of India were reorganized, Shillong became the state capital of Meghalaya and Dispur became the new capital of Assam.