A little information about the country that one intends to visit or that one has visited often allows us to put into context the past or future emotions specific to each trip. A little history or anecdotes are often welcome ... This is what you can find on this page dedicated to Jordan. But nothing like (short) videos to get a more precise idea of the places visited or to visit. Beside is a list of the videos edited from the photographic material I brought back from the trip Jordan (EN).

You just have to click on the image to access the page giving more information on the place treated in the video and of course, to see this video ...


Brief history of Jordan

Jordan is a country in the Middle East with a rich historical past. The name of the country comes from that of the river which serves as its border, the Jordan.

The region has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. In biblical times the kingdoms of Ammon, Edom and Moab were in constant conflict with their Israelite neighbors. The Roman conquest in 63 BC was going to make everyone agree.

Jordan has preserved very beautiful sites of Roman ruins.

Before the Romans, the Greeks of Alexander the Great left their mark on the country while letting a people of Arab nomads develop, the Nabataeans to whom we owe the enigmatic Petra which dates from the first century of our era. Petra is remarkable for its irrigation system and water management which allowed an important city to develop in an arid desert.

In the 7th century, Jordan was an important step in the strategy of conquest of Islam en route to Damascus, a city of great importance at the time.

And the Europeans went to fight them in the name of Christianity (and probably also for other reasons) and it was the time of the Crusades which also left some fortified places worthy of interest. Among these forts of the crusaders which were stationed in what they called the seigneurie d'Outrejourdain we can quote Montreal and Al-Karak. Ajloun was built by the Ayyubids, a dynasty founded by Saladin. In addition, the Ayyubids restored some fortified castles to use them as military outposts against the Crusaders.

Saladin defeated the Crusaders during the Battle of Hatton in northern Transjordan.

The villages of Transjordan conquered by Saladin quickly became important stops for Muslims on their way to Mecca. Which was also good for the local economy.

The First World War put an end to four centuries of stagnation under the Ottoman Empire. Arab nationalism was beginning to take shape and an Arab revolt took place in 1916, quickly supported by the allies who saw in the Arabs a strong support for their colonial empire. Arab nationalism felt betrayed when it saw the colonial powers (France and Great Britain) divide the region into zones of respective influence.

Transjordan gained independence in 1946 and took the name of the Hashemite Kingdom of Transjordan with Abdullah as the first king. In 1949, the name of the country was changed to Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Video gallery • Jordan


 

Vimeo showcase • Jordan